A Primer on The Indefeasibility of Emancipation Patent (EP) and Certificate of Land Ownership Award (CLOA) as an Important Component in Protecting the Gains of Agrarian Reform

Genuine agrarian reform remains a key element for the country’s development based on the framework of human rights and social justice. When President Corazon C. Aquino signed the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (R.A. 6657) on June 30, 1988, it was touted as the most “comprehensive” program ever undertaken by any […]

Ensuring Participatory Governance: A Handbook for Members of the Local Development Council (LDC)

The project “Strengthening the Nine Local Province of Bukidnon” incorporates insights learned from Local Government Support Programme’s (LGSP) Phase II project, the Local Chief Executive Development Management Program (LDMP). Through the local resource partner of LGSP, the Resource Center for Empowerment and Development (RCED), BALAOD Mindanaw was assigned as on-site […]

Formulating the Legislative Agenda: A Facilitator’s Manual

Legislative Agenda and Legislative Agenda Development. A legislative agenda refers to a package of legislative reforms or initiatives to address the short-term and long-term needs and demands of the inhabitants. It is the embodiment of priority policy proposals or legislative actions perceived to rationalize and provide direction to the overall […]

Summer Internship Program 2003 – Pakigduyog… Pagsinati…

The Internship Program of BALAOD Mindanaw, Inc., has been in action for the past three years. Its birth goes way back in 2001 when the Alternative law Groups (ALG), of which BALAOD is one of the members, extended its program of forming law students towards alternative lawyering in the Northern […]

The Effect of Injunctions and Temporary Restraining Orders Issued by the Regular Courts on Acquisition and Distribution of Lands Under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) and the Creation

When the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (R.A. 6657) was enacted, congress provided three very important provisions that ensure the effective and efficient implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. These provisions are Section 50, Section 55, and Section 68. In brief, Section 50 invests DAR with primary jurisdiction to determine […]

Training Manual for Local Legislators: A Guide to Legislative Agenda Formulation

The struggle for good governance is a critical strategy in winning the battle against poverty and inequity.� Good governance is observed when the lawmakers, local legislative bodies, in this instance, are not only knowledgeable of the law but, most importantly responsive to the needs of the greater majority of their […]

Of Conflict and Displacement: A Documentation on the Human rights violations in Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte during the 2008 Armed Conflict and the Implications of Recurring Violence on the Commu

“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed.  This world in arms is not spending money alone.  It is spending the sweat of its […]


This training tool kit is produced based on BALAOD Mindanaw’s years of experience in doing community paralegal formation and legal empowerment. The process and content described herein are drawn from the actual works of the organization, which is committed to advancing the legal and justice issues of the marginalized sectors […]